Globe has Knowledge & Means to Eliminate Hunger Regardless of World Economic Growth.

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"One in 8 people around the world are still hungry. In a world of plenty, that already has enough food to feed all. This is unacceptable. For us FAO the only acceptable number for hunger is zero," asserts Carlos Sere, Chief Development Strategist, IFAD.  Almost one billion persons (870 million - “Billion to Sleep Hungry” ), are still chronically undernourished according to a new Report just issued (October 9, 2012). The State of Food Insecurity in the World 2012 (SOFI), jointly published by the Food and Agriculture Organization  the International Fund for Agricultural Development and the World Food Programme (WFP). The decline in number of hungry from around 1990 to 2007 was more positive than initially anticipated; however since the global financial crisis  and the world wide recession more can be done. See our Previous Report: “State of Food Insecurity in World 2011”   

 

 

 

Targeted Aid to Most Vulnerable but Also Development Opportunity for Those that Can Feed Themselves & Neighbors:

As the Report underlined that overall world economic growth was necessary but not sufficient for a sustained hunger reduction. Agricultural growth is particularly effective in reducing hunger and malnutrition in poor countries since most of the poor depend on agriculture and related activities for at least part of their livelihoods. Agricultural growth involving smallholders, especially women, will be most effective in reducing extreme poverty and hunger when it generates employment for the poor.

 

Mr. Sere observes that it is not merely an issue of stimulus vs. austerity but targeting aid, development and/or fiscal policy stimulus.: "The impact, in terms of reducing poverty, of agricultural growth is five times the impact of growth in other sectors of the economy and particularly in the case of Africa, it's eleven times. So this clearly shows there is a huge potential here to tackle poverty through smart agricultural growth. The growth that we are talking about needs to translate into better nutritional outcomes through enhanced opportunities for poor and vulnerable individuals; poor and vulnerable house holds to access a more diverse diet. To access a more nutritious foods, to understand the importance of nutrition at the early childhood stage and caring practices and that's both in order to address the vulnerability and give them the best possible start in life, give children the best possible start in life. The study that I am referring to showed a 46 percent increase in male income, 22 percent increase in female incomes linked to that early nutritional investment. So nutrition is clearly key to give children the best start in life and the opportunity to contribute to their own success and to their nation's growth."

 

Focus on Agricultural Development:

As the Report underlined that overall world economic growth was necessary but not sufficient for a sustained hunger reduction. Agricultural growth is particularly effective in reducing hunger and malnutrition in poor countries since most of the poor depend on agriculture and related activities for at least part of their livelihoods. Agricultural growth involving smallholders, especially women, will be most effective in reducing extreme poverty and hunger when it generates employment for the poor. Read: "Women's Rights=More Food"

 

The 2012 Report on  State of Food Insecurity notes that the methodology does not capture the short-term effects of food price surges and other economic shocks. FAO is also working to develop a wider set of indicators to better capture dietary quality and other dimensions of food security. Valerie Guarnieri, Head of Program at WFP says that growth needs to translate into better nutritional outcomes through enhanced opportunities for poor and vulnerable individuals; She added that poor and vulnerable house holds needed to access more nutritious foods, and to understand the importance of nutrition at the early childhood stage, "in order to address the vulnerability and give them the best possible start in life, give children the best possible start in life." Social protection, or a “social welfare net”  systems are needed to ensure that the most vulnerable are not left behind and can also participate in, contribute to and benefit from growth. Measures such as cash transfers, food vouchers or health insurance are needed for the most vulnerable who often cannot take immediate advantage of growth opportunities. Social protection can improve nutrition for young children - an investment that will pay off in the future with better educated, stronger and healthier adults. With effective social protection complementing inclusive economic growth, hunger and malnutrition can be eliminated.

 

Unacceptable that any Child Goes Hungry!

The Millennium Development Goal (MDG) focus on reducing the proportion of people who suffer from hunger by half by 2015, the Report reenforces.: “In today’s world of unprecedented technical and economic opportunities, we find it entirely unacceptable that more than 100 million children under five are underweight, and therefore unable to realize their full human and socio-economic potential, and that childhood malnutrition is a cause of death for more than 2.5 million children every year,” says the Report’s foreword, written by FAO Director-General José Graziano da Silva, IFAD President Kanayo F. Nwanze and WFP Executive Director Ertharin Cousin. “We note with particular concern that the recovery of the world economy from the recent global financial crisis remains fragile. We nonetheless appeal to the international community to make extra efforts to assist the poorest in realizing their basic human right to adequate food. The world has the knowledge and the means to eliminate all forms of food insecurity and malnutrition.”

Also Read: “Food Speculation Creating Hunger?”

 

Ambassador Muhamed Sacirbey - FOLLOW mo @MuhamedSacirbey

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About the author

DiplomaticallyIncorrect

"Voice of the Global Citizen"- Diplomatically Incorrect (diplomaticallyincorrect.org) provide film and written reports on issues reflecting diplomatic discourse and the global citizen. Ambassador Muhamed Sacirbey (@MuhamedSacirbey) is former Foreign Minister Ambassador of Bosnia & Herzegovina at the United Nations. "Mo" is also signatory of the Rome Conference/Treaty establishing the International…

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