African Forest Elephant

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The African Forest Elephant is one of two Elephant subspecies found on the African continent. Although the African Forest Elephant is slightly smaller than the African Bush Elephant, it is still one of the largest animals found on land today. Although these two Elephant species are very similar, the African Forest Elephant is thought to have rounder ears and straighter tusks than the African Bush Elephant, and it has been also noted that the African Bush Elephant and the African Forest Elephant have a different number of toe nails. Until recently though, they were considered to be the same species.


The African Forest Elephant is the one of the largest known land mammals on Earth, with male African Forest Elephants reaching nearly 3 metres in height and the female African Forest Elephants around 2.5 metres. The tusks of an African Forest Elephant can grow to nearly 1.5 meters long and generally weigh between 50 and 100 pounds, which is about the same as a small adult Human. They are thinner, straighter and shorter than the tusks of the African Bush Elephant. African Forest Elephants have four molar teeth each weighing about 5.0 kg and measuring about 12 inches long. They have large rounded ears which are used both for hearing and to keep them cool.




Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Mammalia
Order: Proboscidea
Family: Elephantidae
Genus: Loxodonta
Scientific Name: Loxodonta cyclotis
Common Name: African Forest Elephant
Other Name(s): African Elephant
Group: Mammal
Number Of Species: 1
Location: central and southern Africa
Habitat: Forest, savannah and flood plains
Colour: Grey, Brown
Skin Type: Leather
Size (H): 2m - 3m (6.6ft - 9.8ft)
Weight: 900kg - 3,000kg (1,984lbs - 6,613lbs)
Top Speed: 39km/h (24mph)
Diet: Herbivore
Prey: Grass, Fruit, Roots
Predators: Human, Lion, Hyena
Lifestyle: Diurnal
Group Behaviour: Herd
Life Span: 60 - 70 years
Age Of Sexual Maturity: 11 - 20 years
Gestation Period: 22 - 24 months
Average Litter Size: 1
Name Of Young: Calf
Age Of Weaning: 5 years
Conservation Status: Endangered
Estimated Population Size: 200,000
Biggest Threat: Poaching and habitat loss

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