In the times of soviet war and the nearly following civil war, education in Afghanistan was negatively affected. Schools were destroyed and many citizens were prevented to learn at schools due to the existing harsh political conditions. This political instability in the country has resulted in severe impact on the literacy of the public specially girls. There was an instance in which the Taliban regime has forbidden females from education in 1996. In that time, madrassa (mosque school) was the main source of elementary and secondary education. Afghanistan is one of the worst affected countries with more than 600 incidents of attacks on education. Afghanistan has one of the highest death records in the world with more than four hundred deaths in the education sector.
After the overthrown of Taliban in 2001, things start to change. The country has gone into the period of rebuilding and reorganizing the country’s infrastructure. So, in the education sector, good level of success has been achieved in terms of curriculum structuring and educational participation. Thanks to the Afghanistan’s constitution (adopted in Jan 2004), education become a right to every citizen even education is decided to be free of charge up to a certain level. The valuable joint efforts of Afghan and international experts, the curriculum has been transformed into modern education and training from extreme Islamic teachings. The Taliban’s philosophy towards education retarded the country’s exposure to technology and modern development for decades. The new system of administration opens the gate to educational development and literacy throughout the country.
In 2011, more than 8.2 million citizens have been actively participating in the education throughout the country in which nearly 35% of them are girls. But still there is a lot to be done by the country’s government in order to reach the level of education which modern nations give to their citizens. More importantly in changing the old culture that inhibits the participation of girls in education.
In 2012, the Afghanistan government has recently reported that more than 4000 schools are being built. Depending on the current trend, we can conclude that in the near future Afghanistan will become one the Modern countries with adequate education infrastructure in place.
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