Jakarta is a capital city of Indonesia. It is centrally located within the country on the northwest coast of Java island at the mouth of the Ciliwung river. Jakarta dominates Indonesians administrative, economy, cultural activities, an a major commercial and transportation hub within Asia-with a population of about 9 million, Jakarta has more people than any other cities in Indonesia.
The climates are hot and humid year-around. Rainfall occurs throughout the year, although it is the heaviest from November to May. To average annual precipitation in Jakarta is 1,790 mm. The city lies on flat, low plain and is prone to flooding during periods of heavy rainfall.
Kota is city oldest commercial area. It is located south of the old Sunda Kelapa harbor. Glodok, the south of kota is a banking, retail and residential neighborhood with a large Chinese population. Merdeka square with Monas ( the National Monument) dominates the city central district. Surrounding the square are Istana Merdeka, the prudential Palace, the Natioanal Museum, and Istiqlal Mosque.