1. persamaan kata ( synonym). e.g : this unusual biological process often happens in human body. but the doctor does not know for sure how and why it occurs.
2. lawan kata ( antonym). e.g : when he left home, he was poor. but now he is very well of.
3. hubungan sebab akibat ( cause- effect relationship). e.g: if you put that metal on fire, it will nelt.
4. contoh-contoh ( examples). e.g : cats,and dogs are pets usually kept home.
5. reference & subsitusi. e.g : I saw a film last night, it was very interesting and I enjoyed it very much