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           GLOBALISATION                                                                                                                                                                        NATIONAL TREATMENT:Treating foreigners and locals equally imported and locally produced goods should be treated equally at least after the foreign goods have entered the market.The same should apply to foreign and domestic services and to foreign and local trademarks copyrights and patents.This is the principle of national treatment (giving others the same treatment as ones own nationals).Nstionsl treatment only applies once a product sevices or item of intellectual property has entered the market.Therefore charging customs duty on an import is not a violation of national treatment even if locally produced products are not charged an equivalent tax.                                                                                                                                      FREER TRADE:Gradually through negotiation:    Lowering trade barriers is one of the most obvious mens of encouraging trade.The barriers concerned include customs duties (or tariffs) and measures such as import bans or quotas that restrict quantities selectively.Opening markets can be beneficial but it also requires adjustment.The WTO agreements allow countries to introduce changes gradually through progressive liberalization.Developing countries are usually given longer to fulfil their obligations.                                                                                                            Rich country markets are more closed and protected while developing countries are being forced to open up.Many developing country exports continue to face signficant barriers in rich country markets.often the products in which developing countries are highly competitve are the ones that confront the highest protection.Developing countries lack a voice in the WTO.Developing countries are losing ground in the world trading system and risk further impoverishment and marginalisation.                                                                               Ecological Globalization (see global warming)

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