Elizabeth II (Elizabeth Alexandra Mary; conceived 21 April 1926)[a] is the established ruler of 16 of the 53 part states in the Commonwealth of Nations. She is additionally Head of the Commonwealth and Supreme Governor of the Church of England.
Upon her promotion on 6 February 1952, Elizabeth got to be Head of the Commonwealth and ruler regnant of seven free Commonwealth nations: the United Kingdom, Canada, Australia, New Zealand, South Africa, Pakistan and Ceylon. Her crowning ceremony the accompanying year was the first to be broadcast. From 1956 to 1992, the quantity of her domains differed as regions picked up freedom and a few domains got to be republics. Today, notwithstanding the initial four of the previously stated nations, Elizabeth is Queen of Jamaica, Barbados, the Bahamas, Grenada, Papua New Guinea, Solomon Islands, Tuvalu, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Belize, Antigua and Barbuda, and Saint Kitts and Nevis. She is the longest-existed and, after her extraordinary incredible grandma Queen Victoria, the second longest-ruling British ruler.
Elizabeth was conceived in London and taught secretly at home. Her father acquiesced to the throne as George VI on the relinquishment of his sibling Edward VIII in 1936, from which time she was the beneficiary hypothetical. She started to attempt open obligations amid the Second World War, in which she served in the Auxiliary Territorial Service. In 1947, she wedded Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh, with whom she has four youngsters: Charles, Anne, Andrew, and Edward.
Elizabeth's numerous notable visits and gatherings incorporate a state visit to the Republic of Ireland, the first state visit of an Irish president to Britain, and proportional visits to and from the Pope. She has seen significant sacred progressions, for example, devolution in the United Kingdom, Canadian patriation, and the decolonization of Africa. She has likewise ruled through different wars and clashes including a considerable lot of her domains.
Times of individual noteworthiness have incorporated the births and relational unions of her youngsters and grandchildren, the induction of the Prince of Wales, and the festival of developments, for example, her Silver, Golden, and Diamond Jubilees in 1977, 2002, and 2012, separately. Snippets of distress for her incorporate the demise of her father at 56, the death of Prince Philip's uncle, Lord Mountbatten, the breakdown of her kids' relational unions in 1992 (a year considered her annus horribilis), the passing in 1997 of her child's previous wife, Diana, Princess of Wales, and the passings of her mother and sister in 2002. Elizabeth has once in a while confronted republican slants and serious press feedback of the illustrious family, however help for the government and her individual prominence stay high.