shaikh Abdul-Qadir Gilani Al-Hasani Wal-Hussain

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Abdul-Qadir Gilani

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Abdul Qadir, Al Jilani, Muhyi'd-Diin, Sultaan al-Awliyaa

Full Name Al-Sayyid Muhiyudin Abu Muhammad Abdal Qadir Al-Jilani Al-Hasani Wal-Hussaini
Born 1 Ramadan 470 AH[2] or Saturday March 17, 1078[3]
Jurisprudence Hanbali[4][5]
Theological School Athari
Birthplace GilanTabarestanPersia[6]
Died 11th Rabi Ak-Akhar 561 AH
 Monday 14 February 1166CE[7][8]
Place of Burial Tomb Of Abdul Qadir,BaghdadIraq
Father Abu Salih Musa al-Hasani
Mother Ummul Khair Fatima
Spouse(s) • Madina
• Sadiqa
• Mu'minah
• Mahboobah
Son(s) • Abdul Razzaq Jilani
• Saifuddin
• Sharfuddin
• Abu Bakr
• Sirajuddin
• Yahya
• Musa
• Muhammad
• Ibrahim
• Abdullah
• Abdul Wahhab Jilani
• Abu Naser Musa
Descendants Sheikh
Other Titles • Shaykh
• Abd al-Qadir
("Servant of the All-Powerful")
• Al-Jilani
("One Who Is from Gilan")
• Muhyi’d-Din
("Reviver of the Religion")
• Abu Muhammad
("Father of Muhammad")
• Al-Ghawth al-A'zam
• ("The Supreme Helper")
• Sultan al-Awliya
("The King of the Saints")
• Al-Hasani Al-Husaini
("The descendant of both Imam al-Hasan and Imam al-Husain)

Hazrat Syed Abd al-Qadir al-Jilani (Arabicعبدالقادر الجيلاني‎; Persianعبدالقادر گیلانی‎‎, TurkishAbdülkâdir GeylânîKurdishEvdilqadirê Geylanî‎, SoraniKurdish: عه‌بدوالقادری گه‌یلانی[9]) Al-Sayyid Muhiyudin Abu Muhammad Abdal Qadir Al-Jilani Al-Hasani Wal-Hussaini (born 29 Shabaan, 470 Hijri, in the town of Na'if), district of Gilan-e Gharb (The capital city of Gilan-e Gharb County,Kermanshah ProvinceIran.), Persia,oar Gilan Al-Mada'in, Iraq died 11 Rabi Al-Akhar 561 AH (Monday 14 February 1166 C.E), in Baghdad,[10] (1077–1166 CE), was a Persian[11] Hanbali Sunni[4][5] jurist and Sufi based in Baghdad. The Qadiriyya are the Sufi order founded by him, based on his name.




Al-Gilani was born around 1077 in Persia.[nb 1][12] Al-Gilani's father, Abu Salih Musa al-Hasani, was a descendant of Hasan ibn Ali, (Imam Hasan). Hasan was the eldest son of Ali and Fatimah. Ali was Muhammad's son-in-law and also cousin and Fatima was Muhammad's daughter. Al-Gilani's mother was the daughter of Abdullah Sawmai, a descendant of Husayn ibn Ali, the younger son of Ali and Fatima. Thus, Al-Gilani was both a Hasani and Hussaini Sayyid.


Within Al-Gilani's full name, al-Sayyid Muhiyudin Abu Muhammad Abdal Qadir al-Jilani al-Hasani wal-Hussaini, the word Sayyid denotes his descent from Muhammad.[13] The name Muhiyudin describes him as a "reviver of religion".[14] The phrase, al-Jilani refers to Al Gilani's place of birth.[15][16]However, Al-Gilani also carried the epithet, al-Baghdadi.[17][18][19] referring to his residence and burial in Baghdad. The phrase al-Hasani wal-Hussainiaffirms his lineal descent from both Hasan ibn Ali and Hussein ibn Ali, the grandsons of Muhammad.[20][21] Describing Al Gilani with the phrase 'Najib al-tarafayn Sayyid' indicates that both his mother and father were of apostolic lineage.[22]

Paternal heritage[edit]

Al Gilani's father was a Syed.[23][24] He was respected as a saint by the people of his day, and was known as "Jangi Dost", (one who loves God), thus "Jangidost" was his sobriquet.[25][26][27]


Al Gilani spent his early life in Na'if, the town of his birth. In 1095, at the age of eighteen years, he went to Baghdad. There, he pursued the study ofHanbali law [28] under Qadi Abu Sa'd al-Mubarak al-Mukharrimi and Ibn Aqil.[29] He was given lessons on Hadith by Abu Muhammad Ja'far al-Sarraj.[29] In Tasawwuf, his spiritual instructor was Abu'l-Khair Hammad ibn Muslim al-Dabbas.[30] (A detailed description of his various teachers and subjects are included below). After completing his education, Gilani left Baghdad. He spent twenty-five years as a reclusive wanderer in the desert regions of Iraq.[31]

Education in Baghdad[edit]

At the age of 18, Al Gilani went to Baghdad to study Hanbalite Law.

The Incident of Dacoits[edit]

While sending him to Baghdad, his mother sewed 40 gold coins in his quilt. The dacoits struck the caravan on the way, and looted all the travelers of their belongings. They asked him what he had. He told them about the coins. They considered it a joke and took him to their chief, who asked him the same question and he again replied that he had 40 gold coins. He asked him to show the coins, upon whom he tore away, the quilt and produced the gold coins. He was surprised and asked him why he had given the hidden gold coins when he could have kept them hidden. Young Abdul Qadir Jilani replied that he was traveling to Baghdad to receive education and his mother had instructed him to speak the truth. This left a deep effect on the chief of the dacoits and he gave up looting and accepted Islam.[32]

Subject Shaykh (Teacher)
Fiqh (Islamic Jurisprudence) Ibn Aqil al-Hanbali
Fiqh (Islamic Jurisprudence) Abu Al Hasan Muhammad ibn Qazi Abu Yali
Fiqh (Islamic Jurisprudence) Abu Al Khatab Mahfuz Hanbali
Fiqh (Islamic Jurisprudence) Muhammad ibn Al Husnayn
Fiqh (Islamic Jurisprudence) Abu Saeed Mubarak Makhzoomi
Tasawwuf (Sufism) Abu Saeed Mubarak Makhzoomi

Abu'l-Khair Hammad ibn Muslim al-Dabbas

Abu Zakariay ibn Yahya ibn Ali Al Tabrezi

Hadith Abu Bakr ibn Muzaffar
Hadith Muhammad Ibn Al Hasan Baqalai Abu Sayeed

Muhammad ibn Abdul Kareem

Hadith Abu Al Ghanaem Muhammad Ibn Muhammad Ali Ibn Maymoon Al Farsi
Hadith Abu Bakr Ahmad Ibn Al Muzaffar
Hadith Abu Jafer Ibn Ahmad Ibn Al Hussain Al Qari
Hadith Abu Al Qasim Ali Ibn Muhammad Ibn Banaan Al Karkhi
Hadith Abu Talib Abdul Qadri Ibn Muhammad Yusuf
Hadith Abdul Rahman Ibn Ahmad Abu Al Barkat Hibtaallah Ibn Al Mubarak
Hadith Abu Al Nasr Ibn Il Mukhtar
Hadith Abu Nasr Muhammad
Hadith Abu Ghalib Ahmad
Hadith Abu Abdullah Aulad Ali Al Bana
Hadith Abu Al Hasan Al Mubarak Ibn Al Teyvari
Hadith Abu Mansur Abdurahman Al Taqrar


Later life[edit]

In 1127, Al Gilani returned to Baghdad and began to preach to the public.[12] He joined the teaching staff of the school belonging to his own teacher, al-Mukharrimii, and was popular with students. In the morning he taught hadith and tafsir, and in the afternoon he held discourse on the science of the heart and the virtues of the Qur'an. He was said to have been a convincing preacher and converted numerous Jews and Christians. His strength came in the reconciling of the mystical nature of the Sufi and strict nature of the Qur'an.[12]

Death and burial[edit]

Al Gilani died in the evening of Monday 14 February 1166 C.E ( 11th Rabi Al-Akhar 561 AH) at the age of eighty nine years (by the Islamic calendar).[10] His body was entombed in a shrine within his madrassa in Babul-Sheikh, Resafa (East bank of the Tigris) in Baghdad, Iraq.[34][35][36] During the reign of the Safavid Shah Ismail I, Gilani's shrine was destroyed,[37] however in 1535 the Ottoman Sultan Suleiman had a turba (dome) built over the shrine, which exists to this day.[38]

Tomb Of Sheikh Abdul Qadir, Baghdad, Iraq.


  • Futuh al-Ghaib (Revelations of the Unseen) – 78 discourses, fairly short and to the point but very powerful.
  • Al-Fath ar-Rabbani (The Sublime Revelation) – 62 discourses, definitely longer, given in the Ribaat and Madrasa in Baghdad AH 545–546.
  • Jala' al-Khawatir (The Removal of Cares) – 45 discourses, also in the same locations, given in the year AH 546.
  • Malfuzat (Utterances of Shaikh 'Abd al-Qadir) – This is a collection of quotes from the Shaikh. Generally, it is found at the end of the hand-copied, Arabic manuscripts of Fath ar-Rabbani.
  • Al-Ghunya li-Talibi Tariq al-Haqq (Sufficient Provision for Seekers of the Path of Truth, also known in the Indian sub-continent as Al-Ghunya li-Talibin). These five volumes, written by the Shaikh at the request of one of his murids, is a comprehensive guide to all aspects of Islam, both the inward and the outward.
  • Khamsata 'Ashara Maktuban (Fifteen Letters) – These are 15 letters originally written in Persian by Shaikh 'Abd al-Qadir to one of his murids.
  • Al-Fuyudat al-Rabbaniyya (Emanations of Lordly Grace)
  • Bashair al-Khairat (Glad Tidings of Good Things) – A Salawat by Shaykh Abd al-Qadir by way of inspiration from Allah.
  • Kitab Sirr al-Asrar wa Mazhar al-Anwar[39] (The Book of the Secret of Secrets and the Manifestation of Light

See also[edit]


  • Sayings of Shaikh Abd al-Qadir al-Jīlānī Malfūzāt, Holland, Mutah (translator). S. Abdul Majeed & Co, Kuala Lumpur (1994) ISBN 1-882216-03-2.
  • Fifteen letters, khamsata ashara maktūban / Shaikh Abd Al-Qādir Al-Jīlānī. Translated from Persian to Arabic by Alī usāmu ́D-Dīn Al-Muttaqī. Translated from Arabic into English by Muhtar Holland.
  • Kamsata ašara maktūban. First edition. ʿAlāʾ al-Dīn, ʿAlī B., ʿAbd al-Malik al- Muttaqī al-Hindī (about 1480–1567) and Muhtar Holland (1935–). Al-Baz publications, Hollywood, Florida. (1997) ISBN 1-882216-16-4.
  • Jalā Al-Khawātir: a collection of forty-five discourses of Shaikh Abd Al-Qādir Al-Jīlānī, the removal of cares. Chapter 23, pg 308. Jalā al-Khawātir, Holland, Mutah (1935–) (translator). Al-Baz publications, Fort Lauderdale, Florida. (1997)ISBN 1-882216-13-X.
  • The sultan of the saints: mystical life and teachings of Shaikh Syed Abdul Qadir Jilani / Muhammad Riaz Qadiri Qadiri, Muhammad Riyaz. Gujranwala, Abbasi publications. (2000) ISBN 969-8510-16-8.
  • The sublime revelation: al-Fath ar-Rabbānī, a collection of sixty-two discourses / Abd al-Qādir al- Jīlānī, Second edition. al-Rabbānī, al-Fath. Al-Baz publications, Fort Lauderdale, Florida. (1998). ISBN 1-882216-02-4.
  • Al-Ghunya li-talibi tariq al-haqq wa al-din, (Sufficient provision for seekers of the path of truth and religion), Parts one and two in Arabic. Al-Qadir, Abd, Al-Gaylani. Dar Al-Hurya, Baghdad, Iraq, (1988).
  • Al-Ghunya li-talibi tariq al-haqq wa al-din, (Sufficient provision for seekers of the path of truth and religion.) in Arabic. Introduced by Al-Kilani, Majid Irsan. Dar Al-Khair, Damascus, Bairut, (2005).
  • Encyclopædia Iranica, Bibliotheca Persica PresS, ISBN 1-56859-050-4.


  1. Jump up^ There is uncertainty as to the year of his birth; some sources say 1077, others 1078.


  1. Jump up^, "Titles".
  2. Jump up^ "Birth Date".
  3. Jump up^ "Birth Hijri and Gregorian Year".
  4. Jump up to:a b John Renard, The A to Z of Sufism. p 142. ISBN 081086343X
  5. Jump up to:a b Juan Eduardo Campo, Encyclopedia of Islam, p. 288.ISBN 1438126964
  6. Jump up^ "Birth Place".
  7. Jump up^ Shad, Abdur Rahman. Ali Al-Murtaza. Kazi Publications; 1978 1st Edition. Mohiyuddin, Dr. Ata. Ali The Superman. Sh. Muhammad Ashraf Publishers; 1980 1st Edition. Lalljee, Yousuf N. Ali The Magnificent. Ansariyan Publications; Jan 1981 1st Edition.
  8. Jump up^ "Hijri Date".
  9. Jump up^ "Names".
  10. Jump up to:a b The works of Shaykh Umar Eli of Somalia of al-Tariqat al-Qadiriyyah.
  11. Jump up^ W. Braune, Abd al-Kadir al-Djilani, The Encyclopaedia of Islam, Vol. I, ed. H.A.R Gibb, J.H.Kramers, E. Levi-Provencal, J. Schacht, (Brill, 1986), 69.
  12. Jump up to:a b c "'Abd al-Qadir al-Jilani". Encyclopedia Britannica. I: A-Ak – Bayes (15th ed.). Chicago, IL: Encyclopedia Britannica, Inc. 2010. p. 16. ISBN 978-1-59339-837-8.
  13. Jump up^ Muslim communities of grace: the Sufi brotherhoods in Islamic religious life pg 94, Abun-Nasr, Jamil M. Columbia University Press. (2007). ISBN 978-0-231-14330-1.
  14. Jump up^ Mihr-e-munīr: biography of Hadrat Syed Pīr Meher Alī Shāh pg 21, Muhammad Fādil Khān, Faid Ahmad. Sajjadah Nashinan of Golra Sharif, Islamabad (1998).
  15. Jump up^ Encyclopaedia of religion and ethics: volume 1. (A – Art). Part 1. (A – Algonquins) pg 10. Hastings, James and Selbie, John A. Adamant Media corporation. (2001), "and he was probably of Persian origin."
  16. Jump up^ The Sufi orders in Islam, 2nd edition, pg 32. Triingham, J. Spencer and Voll, John O. Oxford University Press US, (1998), "The Hanafi Qadirriya is also included since 'Abd al-Qadir, of Persian origin was contemporary of the other two."
  17. Jump up^ Devotional Islam and politics in British India: Ahmad Riza Khan Barelwi and his movement, 1870–1920, pg 144, Sanyal, Usha Oxford University Press US, 19 August 1999. ISBN 0-19-564862-5 ISBN 978-0-19-564862-1.
  18. Jump up^ Cultural and religious heritage of India: Islam pg 321. Sharma, Suresh K. (2004)
  19. Jump up^ Indo-iranica pg 7. The Iran Society, Calcutta, India. (1985).
  20. Jump up^ Biographical encyclopaedia of sufis: central asia and middle east, pg 123, Vol 2. Hanif N. Sarup and Sons. (2002) ISBN 81-7625-266-2, 9788176252669.
  21. Jump up^ The Election of Caliph/Khalifah and World Peace pg 176. Mowla, Khondakar G. (1998).
  22. Jump up^ Burton R.F. "Arabian Nights" Volume 5 Chapter 61 Footnote 466.
  23. Jump up^ Historical and political who's who of Afghanistan. p 177. Adamec, Ludwig W. (1975)
  24. Jump up^ The Sultan of the saints: mystical life and teaching of Shaikh Syed Abdul Qadir Jilani, pg 19, Riyāz Qādrī, Muhammad. Abassi publications, University of Michigan (2000).
  25. Jump up^ Sulook organisation website.
  26. Jump up^ Mihr-e-munīr: biography of Hadrat Syed Pīr Meher Alī Shāh pg 27, Khān, Muhammad Fādil and Ahmad, Faid. Sajjadah Nashinan of Golra Sharif, Islamabad. (1997)
  27. Jump up^ Encyclopaedia of Sufism, volume 1, Kahn, Masood Ali and Ram, S.
  28. Jump up^ Juan Eduardo Campo, Encyclopedia of Islam, p 4. ISBN 1438126964
  29. Jump up to:a b Gibb, H.A.R.; Kramers, J.H.; Levi-Provencal, E.; Schacht, J. (1986) [1st. pub. 1960]. Encyclopaedia of Islam (New Edition). Volume I (A-B). Leiden, Netherlands: Brill. p. 69. ISBN 9004081143.
  30. Jump up^ Malise Ruthven, Islam in the World, p 243. ISBN 0195305035
  31. Jump up^ Esposito J. L. The Oxford dictionary of Islam. p160.ISBN 0199757267
  32. Jump up^ "AwliyasWorld".
  33. Jump up^ Akbar, pg.11 Al Haqq, Abd. and Ghunyat al-talibeen (Wealth for Seekers) pg. 12 Urdu version
  34. Jump up^ Al-Ghunya li-talibi tariq al-haqq wa al-din (Sufficient provision for seekers of the path of truth and religion), parts one and two in arabic, Al-Qadir, Abd and Al-Gilani. Dar Al-Hurya, Baghdad, Iraq, (1988).
  35. Jump up^ Al-Ghunya li-talibi tariq al-haqq wa al-din (Sufficient provision for seekers of the path of truth and religion) with introduction by Al-Kilani, Majid Irsan. Al-Kilani, Majid , al-Tariqat, 'Ursan, and al-Qadiriyah, Nash'at
  36. Jump up^ The Qadirya shrine, Baghdad.
  37. Jump up^ A.A. Duri, Baghdad, The Encyclopaedia of Islam, Vol. I, 903.
  38. Jump up^ W. Braune, Abd al-Kadir al-Djilani,The Encyclopaedia of Islam, Vol. I, 70.
  39. Jump up^ -Abdul Qadir Jilani, Shaikh Mohiuddin. Sirr-ul-Asrar wa Mazhar-ul-Anwar.

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