We all are familiar with the this monument, Taj Mahal , which is one of the seven wonders of the world. It is also A UNESCO World Heritage Site.
It is located in the beautiful city of Agra, which is very famous for its historical buildings and history. Wyndham garden is also a landmark in Agra after Taj Mahal. Agra Fort, Itmad-ud-Daulah's Tomb, Fatehpur Sikri are also other very famous places to visit here. See this beautiful picture of Wyndham garden here, it looks like heaven.
Agra is located at the bank of river Yamuna and behind the Taj Mahal it can also be seen very clearly. It looks very beautiful in the midnight when the moon pours it moonlights on the buliding and makes a reflection in the river.Taj Mahal was built by the Moghal emperor, Shah Jahan.Year of Construction: 1631
Completed In: 1653 .Before becoming the king, Shah Jahan was popularly known as Prince Khurram. He fell in love with the beautiful Arjumand Bano Begum and married her, making her his third wife. He loved her very much so Arjumand Bano Begum was christened by Shah Jahan as Mumtaz Mahal, meaning the “Chosen One Of The Palace” or “Jewel of the Palace”. While giving birth to their 14th child, Mumtaz Mahal died and this incident shook the world of Shah Jahan and he became almost mad. He was torn from inside. His friends and courtiers suggested him that he should do such a great thing that the whole human race would remember their love forever and so he came out with the idea of making the Taj Mahal. Let us know some interesting and less known facts about the Taj Mahal.
- For the transportation of the construction materials, more than 1,000 elephants were employed. At that time only elephants and mules were used for the transportation but being heavy materials mules were not used.
- 28 different varieties of semi-precious and precious stones were used to adorn the Taj with exquisite inlay work. Very precise work has been done here. The artitecture is the mixture of indian and islamic craftmanship.
- Depending on what time of the day it is and whether or not there’s moon at night, Taj Mahal appears to be of different color every time. Some even believe that this changing pattern of colors depict different moods of a woman.
- Passages from Quran have been used as decorative elements throughout the complex.
- On the sides of the actual tomb of Mumtaz Mahal, 99 names of Allah can be found as calligraphic inscriptions.
- Taj Mahal was built in stages, with the plinth and the tomb taking up roughly 15 years. Building of minarets, mosque, jawab, and gateway took additional 5 years to be completed. 20 years of hard work and constant money flowing turned the indian population very poor and sick. Shah Jahan did not take care of his people and people began to die with hunger and malnutrition. So in this way Shah Jahan is said to be the cruel and selfish king of India.
- The most shocking fact about Taj Mahan is that Shah Jahan cuts the hands of the makers of the Taj Mahal so that no one can make it again in the history, although he gave enough money to the family members of them.
- Taj Mahal is also said the "Ocean of the tears" by some indian poets because while it was being constructed, the indian people were constantly crying for health, food, money, medicines, water and the Emperor was only busy in making the Taj Mahal.
- See this video for the virtual visit of Taj Mahal.