According to human needs, education can be divided into three parts. Social or political education. Spiritual education vocational or technical education. Education that teaches us how to live in a society is called social or political education. Education that develops our personality and character may be termed as spiritual education. Then, education that teaches us, how to earn a living is named as vocational education. Technical education is a branch of vocational education.
By technical education we mean education dealing with some partial or mechanical commerce, carpentry, weaving, agriculture, medicine and engineering. Its aim is to provide instruction and training in skills that have a practical utility. It helps us to meet the needs of the industrial Age.
Technical education is very important in the modern age. America, Britain, France, Russia and China are rich, prosperous and resourceful because of their progress in technical education. It produces engineers, builders, doctors and mechanics that are very useful in an industrial society. It is the only answer to the problems of our expanding economy. It produces doers and workers. These workers make real and important contribution to the welfare of society. We are able to increase the material resources of our country through Technical Education. It promotes the material prosperity and economic advancement. It has a great educational value also advancement.
It has a great value as it imparts dexterity, quickness, attention to detail, habit o neatness and order. People begin to have faith in the dignity of labor. We can save a lot of foreign exchange, if we have our own technical experts. In short, technical education makes a country rich, prosperous, and resourceful. But it has certain limitations also. Too much of technical education changes a man into machine. A man’s special lized knowledge makes him unfit for other jobs. So we should have an element of liberal education also in technical education.