In the 17th century, various discipline of the subject mathematics underwent a great deal of enhancement particularly in algebra, geometry, trigonometry, etc. All this contributed indirectly to the development of physics now and it showed a lot of progress. By the end of the 16th century Galileo elicited that the rate of change of speed was all alike for any object, big or small, falling toward the earth and also made a way further probe into the laws of motion. Many notable physicists studied the nature of matter and they came up with a number of innovations, e.g. the introduction of air pump, thermometer, etc. Nevertheless their attempts to probe deeper into the matter to the atomic level didn't yield by that time.
The very initial applications of physics witnessed were in the field of biology. During the course of the 17th century, a number of puzzles about human body got solved and it was being analyzed as a form of matter. The most conspicuous instances of the applications of enhancements in physics were noted in astronomy. For example, Kepler proved that the planets revolved into elliptical orbits.
The contribution made by Sir Isaac Newton was a landmark event of this new dimension of practical science. He was smart enough to simultaneously take into account the works of Kepler and Galileo to come up with an integrated explanation of the universal laws of gravitation. The Principia Mathematica of Newton in which he laid out the foundations of calculus is regarded as the panacea to the complexities and puzzles that were hidden in the structure of the universe; this greatest breakthrough served as a kindda combined outcome of all the precursory works of the Scientific Revolution.
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