UN Updates Tax Evasion Measures
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Tax Evasion Cost $3.1 Trillion (or 50%+ of combined healtcare budget for states involved) according to one survey of 145 countries executed by the Tax Justice Network. UN announced March 14, 2012 that it has updated a set of guidelines to prevent double taxation between countries, as well as to avoid tax evasion.
Countering Impact of Double-Taxation as Discouraging Investment:
This is not only about Corporations/Individuals not Paying Taxes but also allowing for fairness in cross border investments and insuring NOT TOO MUCH is DEMANDED in TAXES. The UN Model Double Taxation Convention between Developed and Developing Countries (the UN Model) is used by countries as a basis for negotiation of their bilateral tax treaties. Double tax treaties are agreements to prevent taxing income twice by allocating taxing rights over this income between two countries. These types of treaties play a key role in encouraging investment and technology transfer, while allowing governments to retain taxing rights over the money that comes from those investments.
“International law places very few limits on the taxation sovereignty of countries,” Alex Trepelkov, Director of the Financing for Development Office in the Department of Economic and Social Affairs (DESA), told reporters at a press conference in New York. Income from cross-border investments may be taxable in both investor and recipient countries, something which can be prevented by setting adequate measures in place. “Double tax treaties play a key role in encouraging investment while allowing governments to retain appropriate taxing rights over the income deriving from those investments.”
Changing Dynamic/Policies re Developed/Developing Countries:
Armando Lara Yaffar, Chairperson of the Economic and Social Council's (ECOSOC) Committee of Experts on International Cooperation in Tax Matters, stressed that “the main objective of the revision of the UN Model has been to take into account recent developments in the areas of international tax policies relevant for both developed and developing countries. ”Mr. Lara Yaffar emphasized that one of the key elements of the UN Model is its aim to facilitate entry into bilateral tax treaties by developing countries, which would contribute to attaining their development goals.
Almost in backhanded manner, this then also sets out provisions that expose tax-evasion, especially in case of multinationals. The revised model, which had not been updated since 2001, also provides recommendations on how to combat corporate tax evasion as well as a set of rules for countries seeking to invest in developing countries.
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UN Photo: Alex Trepelkov (L), Armando Lara Yaffar (C) and Michael Lennard brief journalists, UN Committee of Experts on International Cooperation in Tax Matters, brief journalists. UN Photo/P. Filgueiras