It was March 9,632 and 9th of Zilhaj that Prophet of Islam (P.B.U.H) delivered what is largely know as Khutba e Hajatul Widda (The Farewell Sermon)
The speech was directed to all humankind. The Prophet (P.B.U.H) used the term O people seven times. The people were addressed as “O Men” once in the sermon and they were not addressed as Believers or Muslim even once during the sermon. The point here is that the sayings of the Muhammad had universal applicability. They are golden principles which are still valid. The sermon contains the sublime messages for the global humanity. An important aspect of the sermon was the emphasize on human rights.
The Prophet (P.B.U.H) praised God saying that asked those present to listen attentively for he said that he might not be there the next year. He also asked those present at the moment to spread his message to the Prophet’s (P.B.U.H) message was delivered from place to place and generation to generation owing to the Mecca tribe’s propensity for commerce and travel. One of the main businesses of the Mecca people at this time was trade. The Muslims merchants traveled from land to land for commerce, but also delivered the message of Islam as they were dealing with people in far corners from Mecca.
In short Muhammad addressed all the aspect and emphasized equality and justice. He had warned that those who will not follow these principles will be doomed; the moral decadence of Muslim Ummah is the result of ignoring the principle of social political justice.