Artificial Intelligence: What Exactly is AI?

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Video Credits: ColdFusion via YouTube

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Image Credits: Sharon Lopez via Bitlanders

(Image edited via Canva)

Relative to the announcement made by Micky about the Bitlanders AI-Themed Blogging, I deemed it necessary to start my blog series with the introduction of the term Artificial Intelligence

Artificial Intelligence or AI in the real sense is already present in our technologically-advanced society. Now, we have Siri, a system software developed by IOS which provides help in performing daily activities. We also have Alexa, a virtual assistant software developed by Amazon. And there is Olly, a robotic table-top assistant with an evolving personality.

If you are using a smartphone, you are interacting with AI technology. Facebook feeds, music and streaming devices, video games, online advertisements, and many others, are examples of Artificial Intelligence. With this being said, whether we like it or not, we are already surrounded by the technology run by Artificial Intelligence

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Image Credits: Botlibre via Pixabay

Given the latest innovations and continuous improvement of the technology, still, many of us don't have a clear understanding of Artifical Intelligence or AI. Some are afraid of what it could possibly do that will affect humans negatively while many do not know what it is all about. In Artbytes c-blog, he mentioned about the displacement of 40% of workers in 15 years which is quite alarming.  

Would you believe that it could happen? 

WHAT EXACTLY IS AI? 

In today's blog post,  I will present a comparison of Human Intelligence and Artificial Intelligence. This will give us a clear understanding of the term Artificial Intelligence.  We will also try to trace the history of AI and the original concept of this project and where we are at the current time.

THE HUMAN INTELLIGENCE VS ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE

THE HUMAN INTELLIGENCE 

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Image Credits: PourquoiPas via Pixabay

When we were born, we don't know anything about the world or our own self. As we grow, we learn things slowly.  We learn how to walk, talk, and eventually, we learned how to make decisions. As soon as our senses started to function, we started to learn things. We learn in different ways.  But the greatest attribute that separates us from other forms of creatures is our ability to speak.

As humans, we have superior intelligence. This is what we called Human Intelligence. Something we are born with. Something that can be developed over time. 

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Image Credits: JohnHain via Pixabay

THE HUMAN BRAIN

A human brain is a complex network of neurons and this is the reason why we are called superior being.  A human brain is composed of billions of nerve cells that are arranged in patterns and coordinate with the different parts of the body.  It was designed by a superior force with the ability to learn, reason, solve problems, understand languages, recognize patterns and to perceive. These abilities are inherent within us. 

Though we may differ from one another as well as the level of our intelligence as it depends on several factors such as genetics and other environmental factors.

ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE

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Image Credits: Geralt via Pixabay

On the other hand, Artificial intelligence or AI is a machine or a program with the vision to simulate the ability to solve problems that are usually done by humans. These are software designed to address common problems by programming them to provide solutions. AI is designed to interact with humans based on what they were programmed to do. 

Using human as the pattern, it is the goal of AI to create systems that can function intelligently and independently. 

At a certain point of the study, machines can be designed to learn how to improve itself through machine learning

MACHINE LEARNING

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Image Credits: ColdFusion via YouTube

Machine Learning is a sub-component of AI that enables software to improve its performance over time. As the machine gathers new data, it tends to learn based on input and output. As we feed more information, the machine can learn and improve its performance.

The more data we feed the machine, the more it becomes effective in carrying out future tasks and the ability to predict the future.  

THE HISTORY OF AI

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Image Credits: www.flickr.com/photos/null0/272015955/, CC BY-SA 2.0, commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=1297606" target="_blank">null0 via Flickr

 The idea of AI was first coined by John MacCarthy in 1955 at the Dartmouth conference in 1955. Though there were several studies conducted before this year, most of those were undefined fields.

THE ORIGINAL CONCEPTS OF AI

There were seven (7) concepts originally presented for AI. 

1. To simulate or replicate the higher functions of the human brain

2. To Program a computer to use general language

3. To arrange hypothetical neurons in a manner that would enable them to learn concepts

4. A way to determine and measure problem complexity

5. Self-improvement

6. Abstractions - This was defined as the quality of dealing with ideas rather than events

7. Randomness and Creativity

Source

At the current time, we can see that among the 7 concepts, the language, determining and measuring problem complexity and self-improvement has been achieved at a certain degree.  However, randomness and creativity, as well as other concepts, are yet to be developed.

To learn more about AI, here is a video that will explain Artificial Intelligence in five minutes. Enjoy watching!

Video Credits: Raj Ramesh via YouTube

HOW CAN AI AFFECT OUR LIFE IN THE FUTURE?

What is awaiting us in about 10 to 15 years from now? Artificial Intelligence is already here and it's on continuous improvement. Here is another video which would show us what AI can do in the next years. Hope you enjoy it.

Video Credits: Trend Hunter via YouTube

 

CONCLUSION

As the name suggests, Artificial Intelligence is artificial or not real, copied, manufactured or man-made. AI was made by humans and it cannot be more superior than its creator. The main goal of AI is to create a system that will help human to improve but not to replace human. Let us think of the positive effects that AI can bring rather than thinking of the negative effects which are existing inside our mind. 

Thank you for visiting and reading my post. I hope that through this post, I may have shared helpful and relevant information related to AI. 

Please interact with Miss Hillary in this Chat to learn more about the AI-Themed Blogging currently being implemented in Bitlanders.

Reference:

Builtin.com
ColdFusion
Wikipedia.org

 

DISCLAIMER: The views and opinions expressed in this blog post are that of the author and does not in any way represent the agency or department she currently belongs.

ADDITIONAL NOTE: The sites mentioned in this post are for information purposes only and links are provided for easy access. The author does not receive any remuneration from the said companies or sites.

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Written for Bitlanders
by Sharon Lopez

Date: April 14, 2019

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About the author

sharon-lopez

Graduated with a Bachelor's Degree in Commerce and working in the government handling programs for children. A computer and tech-savvy individual and a blogger giving focus on contents concerning artificial intelligence. Artificial Intelligence - there's nothing so special about it unless we learn and experience how it can make our…

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