Afghanistan's Migration and Challenges

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Afghanistan counts border management, regularization of migration and information exchange platforms as important entities for its peace, safety and the best interest of silk route and other countries of the world. Therefore, we know that the policy pillars of the legalization and regularization are extremely important for us.

As you are aware, the past 3 decades of turmoil in Afghanistan have damaged different infrastructures and caused major displacements of citizens. Millions of Afghans have either fled the country, or displaced internally. We still face daunting challenges of unemployment and lack of basic social services for returnees and displaced population.

I would like to draw your attention to the almost 3 million economic and irregular migrants who are in need of international community’s more focused framework of assistance.

I believe that, these issues are the leading factors to the increase of insurgency and decrease of security in the country. Facing this problem, the Afghan government is required to create 500,000 new jobs every year, at least for the next five years, to satisfy the employment needs of our youth population of 68%. 

The Afghan Government itself is not capable of achieving this goal, therefore Afghanistan should seek international communities` collaborations in this matter. Also we need firm cooperation from the international community in supporting us fighting the irregular migration movements by sufficiently providing services to our target population whom happen to be the most vulnerable layer of society.

We believe that regularization and better management of migration is to the best interest of both origin and host countries as well as the migrant communities themselves. Working towards regularization and better management of migration, the Afghan Government has drafted Refugees-Asylum seekers` law and IDP policy; and also the quadri-partied “Regional Solution Strategy for Afghan Refugees” which is in the implementation phase.

We should recognize the importance of information exchange amongst countries that entails strengthening partnership for the border management and stability and security in the region. 

About the author


Rafi RAFIQ, born in Afghanistan, studied Computer Science in India followed by MBA in Istanbul. working for Ministry of Refugees and Repatriation

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