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English is the best and fantastic language in the world which is spoken by almost every country in the world
Lesson or Topic Today :
Today my topic and goal are to give you some best and important Definitions of Grammatical Terms. Remember one thing which is very important and that is you have to prepare every single definition of English and English grammar because you must be aware of everything which is used in the English language
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So lets start
What is Grammar?
It is the study of the classes of words, their inflections, and their functions and relations in the sentence. The study of how words and their component parts are combined to form sentences. It is the study of structural relationships in a language, sometimes including pronunciation, meaning, and linguistic history.
What is a Sentence?
A group of clauses or phrases forming a syntactic unit which expresses an assertion, a question, a command, a wish, an exclamation, or the performance of an action, that in writing usually begins with a capital letter and concludes with appropriate end punctuation, and that in speaking is distinguished by characteristic patterns of stress, pitch, and pauses.
What is a Simple sentence?
A sentence having no coordinate or subordinate clauses, as The cat purred.
What is a Compound sentence?
A sentence of two or more coordinate independent clauses, often joined by a conjunction or conjunctions, as the problem was difficult, but I finally found the answer.
What is a Complex sentence?
A sentence composed of at least one main clause and one subordinate clause.
What are Declarative or Assertive Sentences?
These sentences make a simple statement or assertion, for example, The boy stood on the burning deck.
What is an interrogative Sentence?
The sentences that ask questions are called interrogative sentences for example:
i) Why did you blame him for nothing?
ii) Have you finished your assignment?
What is an imperative sentence?
The imperative sentence expresses a command or an entreaty for example:
1. Mind your own business.
2. Please, don't disturb me.
3. Work hard, become serious.
4. May God bless you with a child.
What is an exclamatory sentence?
An exclamatory sentence expresses strong feeling and desires. To distinguish it the sign of exclamation (!) is used at the end of the sentence for example:
1. Alas, the youth time has passed away!
2. How beautiful is the night!
3. Ah, what a sight was there!
What is a Noun?
Any member of a class of words that typically can be combined with determiners to serve as the subject of a verb can be interpreted as singular or plural, can be replaced with a pronoun, and refer to an entity, quality, state, action, or concept
What is a pronoun?
Any of a small set of words in a language that are used as substitutes for nouns or noun phrases and whose referents are named or understood in the context.
What is a Subject?
A word or word group denoting that of which something is predicated.
What is an Object?
A noun, pronoun, or noun phrase that receives or is affected by the action of a verb within a sentence.
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What is Predicate?
One of the two main constituents of a sentence or clause, modifying the subject and including the verb, objects, or phrases governed by the verb, as The child is very sleepy.
What is a Direct object?
A word or phrase in a sentence referring to the person or thing receiving the action of a transitive verb. For example, he mailed the letter or I called him; letter and he are direct objects.
What is an Indirect object?
An object indirectly affected by the action of a verb, as Sing me a song.
A song is a direct object and I is an indirect object.
What is a Phrase?
A brief expression, a word or group of words forming a syntactic constituent with a single grammatical function.
What is Gender?
Gender is the nouns which can be differentiated according to sex; e.g. boy and girl, man and woman, cow and ox etc.
What is a Clause?
A group of words containing a subject and predicate and functioning as a member of a complex or compound sentence.
What is an Adjective?
A word belonging to one of the major form classes in any of numerous languages and typically serving as a modifier of a noun to denote a quality of the thing named, to indicate its quantity or extent, or to specify a thing as distinct from something else.
A small set of words (as a, an, and the) used with nouns to limit or give definiteness to the application.
What is a Verb:
A word that characteristically is the grammatical center of a predicate and expresses an act, occurrence, or mode of being.
What is Active Voice?
A sentence in which the subject of the sentence is prominent and affects the object of the sentence.
What is Passive Voice?
A sentence in which object of the sentence is prominent, and takes the place of the subject and the subject either is not mentioned or it is not given importance.
What is Tense?
A distinction of form in a verb to express distinctions of time or duration of the action or state it denotes.
What is an Adverb?
A word belonging to one of the major form classes in any of numerous languages, typically serving as a modifier of a verb, an adjective, another adverb, a preposition, a phrase, a clause, or a sentence, expressing some relation of manner or quality, place, time, degree, number, cause, opposition, affirmation, or denial, and in English also serving to connect and to express comment on the clause content.
What is a Preposition?
A function word that typically combines with a noun phrase to form a phrase which usually expresses a modification or prediction
What is a Conjunction?
A word that joins together sentences, clauses, phrases, or words
What is Sequence?
An arrangement of the tenses of successive verbs in a sentence designed to express a coherent relationship especially between main and subordinate parts of the sentence.
What is Punctuation?
The act or practice of inserting standardized marks or signs in the written matter to clarify the meaning and separate structural units.
What is an Interjection:
The act of uttering exclamations, a word or phrase used in exclamation (as Heavens! Dear me!). A cry or inarticulate utterance (as Alas! ouch! phooey! ugh!) expressing an emotion.
So there were some important definitions of grammar now I give you some exercise to do for better learning I am going to insert some link so please visit them and learn quickly
Some Links You Must Visit
This is the first one you must follow Exercises